Under Two Dictators

One woman's life at Karaganda and Ravensbruck


Margarete Buber, translated by Edward Fitzgerald


Dodd, Mead & Co, New York, 1949
Under Two DictatorsUnder Two DictatorsUnder Two Dictators

Printing Details

Undated [1949]. First US edition. Hardback in dustwrapper. 21 × 14cm, 331pp.

This book is a unique account by a survivor of both the Soviet and Nazi concentration camps: its author, Margarete Buber-Neumann, was a loyal member of the German Communist party. From 1935 she and her second husband, Heinz Neumann, were political refugees in Moscow. In April 1937 Neumann was arrested by the secret police, and executed by the end of the year. She herself was arrested in 1938. Here Buber-Neumann describes the two years of suffering she endured in the Soviet prisons and in the huge Central-Asian concentration and slave labor camp of Karaganda; her extradition to the Gestapo in 1940 at the time of the Stalin-Hitler Friendship Pact; and her five years of suffering in the Nazi concentration and death camp for women, Ravensbrück. Her story displays extraordinary powers of observation and of memory as she describes her own fate, as well as those of hundreds of fellow prisoners. She explores the behavior of the guards, supervisors, police, and secret police and compares and contrasts Stalin and Hitler’s methods of dictatorship and terror.


The book itself is in very good condition, with a previous owner's ownership stamp to the ffep. The dustwrapper suffers loss at the spine ends and to a lesser extent to the edges but is mostly there and now in a protective sleeve.



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